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Altered functional connectivity in mesial temporal lobe epilepsy.

Burianová, H., Faizo, N.L., Gray, M., Hocking, J., Galloway, G. and Reutens, D., 2017. Altered functional connectivity in mesial temporal lobe epilepsy. Epilepsy Research, 137, 45 - 52.

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DOI: 10.1016/j.eplepsyres.2017.09.001

Abstract

Growing evidence of altered functional connectivity suggests that mesial temporal lobe epilepsy (mTLE) alters not only hippocampal networks, but also a number of resting state networks. These highly coherent, yet functionally distinct brain circuits interact dynamically with each other in order to mediate consciousness, memory, and attention. However, little is currently known about the modulation of these networks by epileptiform activity, such as interictal spikes and seizures. The objective of the study was to use simultaneous EEG-fMRI to investigate functional connectivity in three resting state networks: default mode network (DMN), salience network (SN), and dorsal attentional network (DAN) in patients with mTLE compared to a healthy cohort, and in relation to the onset of interictal spikes and the period immediately prior to the spikes. Compared to the healthy participants, mTLE patients showed significant alterations in functional connectivity of all three resting state networks, generally characterized by a lack of functional connectivity to prefrontal areas and increased connectivity to subcortical and posterior areas. Critically, prior to the onset of interictal spikes, compared to resting state, mTLE patients showed a lack of functional connectivity to the DMN and decreased synchronization within the SN and DAN, demonstrating alterations in functional coherence that may be responsible for the generation of epileptiform activity. Our findings demonstrate mTLE-related alterations of connectivity during the resting state as well as in relation to the onset of interictal spikes. These functional changes may underlie epilepsy-related cognitive abnormalities, because higher cognitive functions, such as memory or attention, rely heavily on the coordinated activity of all three resting state networks.

Item Type:Article
ISSN:0920-1211
Uncontrolled Keywords:default-mode network; dorsal attentional network; functional connectivity; mesial temporal lobe epilepsy; salience network; adult; brain; brain mapping; electroencephalography; epilepsy, temporal lobe; female; humans; magnetic resonance imaging; male; multimodal imaging; neural pathways; rest
Group:Faculty of Science & Technology
ID Code:34383
Deposited By: Unnamed user with email symplectic@symplectic
Deposited On:04 Aug 2020 14:55
Last Modified:04 Aug 2020 14:55

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