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Vicariance in a generalist fish parasite driven by climate and salinity tolerance of hosts.

Andreou, D., Antognazza, C.M., Williams, C., Bradley, H., Reading, A.J., Hardouin, E.A., Stewart, J. R., Sheath, D., Galligar, A., Johnson, E. and Britton, J.R., 2020. Vicariance in a generalist fish parasite driven by climate and salinity tolerance of hosts. Parasitology (Cambridge). (In Press)

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DOI: 10.1017/S0031182020001663

Abstract

Acanthocephalans are parasites with complex lifecycles that are important components of aquatic systems and are often model species for parasite-mediated host manipulation. Genetic characterisation has recently resurrected Pomphorhynchus tereticollis as a distinct species from Pomphorhynchus laevis, with potential implications for fisheries management and host manipulation research. Morphological and molecular examinations of parasites from 7 English rivers across 9 fish species revealed that P. tereticollis was the only Pomphorhynchus parasite present in Britain, rather than P. laevis as previously recorded. A meta-analysis using two genetic regions and all the DNA sequences Abstract: available for P. tereticollis has identified two distinct genetic lineages of P. tereticollis in Britain. One lineage, possibly associated with cold water tolerant fish, potentially spread to the northern parts of Britain from the Baltic region via a northern route across the estuarine area of what is now the North Sea during the last Glaciation. The other lineage, associated with temperate freshwater fish, may have arrived later via the Rhine/Thames fluvial connection during the last glaciation or early Holocene when sea levels were low. These results raise important questions on this generalist parasite and its variously environmentally adapted hosts, and especially in relation to the consequences for parasite vicariance.

Item Type:Article
ISSN:0031-1820
Uncontrolled Keywords:non-native parasite, host-specificity, Pomphorhynchus spp., vicariance, climate
Group:Faculty of Science & Technology
ID Code:34485
Deposited By: Unnamed user with email symplectic@symplectic
Deposited On:02 Sep 2020 15:00
Last Modified:15 Sep 2020 10:47

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