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How Does Institutional Quality Moderate the Impact of Tourism on Economic Growth? Startling Evidence from High Earners and Tourism-Dependent Economies.

Adedoyin, F., Erum, N. and Bekun, F.V., 2021. How Does Institutional Quality Moderate the Impact of Tourism on Economic Growth? Startling Evidence from High Earners and Tourism-Dependent Economies. Tourism Economics. (In Press)

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DOI: 10.1177/1354816621993627

Abstract

Over the years, policymakers in tourism-reliant economies have been saddled with the mandate to not only accelerate economic growth, but also increase the living standards of domestic citizens. Tourism development has been highlighted in extant literature as a route to attaining sustainable economic growth. Past studies affirm that tourism contributes significantly to both the wealth of nations and cultural diffusion. However, whether institutional quality moderates the impact of tourism on economic growth has yet to be given sufficient academic attention. The study uses data from 2002 to 2017 and the generalised method of moments (GMM) methodology, while the Dumitrescu-Hurlin panel causality test is applied to check the robustness of results. The empirical results show that a 1% increase in tourist arrivals or air transport led to a 0.41% and 0.17% increase in economic growth, respectively. However, when particular governance variables are taken into consideration, this impact is reduced to -0.09% and -0.02% for both tourism proxies. This implies that the influence of governance on the tourism-led growth hypothesis through an interaction term between institutional quality and tourist arrivals was found to reverse the impact of tourism on growth from positive to negative in both high-earning and tourism-dependent countries. While infrastructure also contributes to economic growth, its impact is slightly higher in top earners than in tourism-dependent economies. The results of the study suggest that weak institutions in both country groups allow corrupt practices, which diverts the positive impact tourism should have on economic growth.

Item Type:Article
ISSN:1354-8166
Uncontrolled Keywords:tourism; economic growth; institutional quality; tourism-led-growth Hypothesis; high earners; tourism dependence; AB-GMM
Group:Faculty of Science & Technology
ID Code:35084
Deposited By: Unnamed user with email symplectic@symplectic
Deposited On:20 Jan 2021 14:41
Last Modified:15 Aug 2021 08:27

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