Skip to main content

Birth Systems across the World: Variations in maternity policy and services across countries.

Wrede, S., Novkunskaya, A., Sarlio-Nieminen, J. and van Teijlingen, E., 2021. Birth Systems across the World: Variations in maternity policy and services across countries. In: Sandall, J., ed. The Continuous Textbook of Women’s Medicine – Obstetrics Module: Volume 1 Pregnancy and society. The Global Library of Women's Medicine.

Full text available as:

Wrede et al 2021-Pregnancy-and-society-Chapter-1614070176.pdf - Published Version


Official URL:

DOI: 10.3843/GLOWM.415183


Contemporary formalized birth systems vary greatly across the world, expressing underlying national or regional political, economic and cultural variations. The roots of the oldest of contemporary birth systems lie in the emergence of modern states and their often pronatalist population policies. 'Pronatalism' in social policy refers to measures intended to stimulate a higher birth rate in the interest of the nation. Maternity policies were among the first social policies that early welfare states launched in Northern Europe and North America under governments that wanted to improve children’s and mothers’ chances for survival and, more recently, increase the birth rate. Non-health measures included modest maternity benefits that lowered the cost of birth services and perhaps even compensation for lost income during the postpartum period. Most importantly from a contemporary perspective early maternity policies formalized maternity care service provision through regulation, state subsidies or compulsory insurance schemes.

Item Type:Book Section
Uncontrolled Keywords:Health policy ; maternity ; Pregnancy care ; Midwifery
Group:Faculty of Health & Social Sciences
ID Code:35217
Deposited By: Symplectic RT2
Deposited On:17 Mar 2021 13:00
Last Modified:14 Mar 2022 14:26


Downloads per month over past year

More statistics for this item...
Repository Staff Only -