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Lab-based feasibility and acceptability of neuromuscular electrical stimulation in hip osteoarthritis rehabilitation.

Burgess, L., Taylor, P., Wainwright, T. and Swain, I. D., 2021. Lab-based feasibility and acceptability of neuromuscular electrical stimulation in hip osteoarthritis rehabilitation. Journal of Rehabilitation and Assistive Technologies Engineering, 8, 1 - 10. (In Press)

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DOI: 10.1177/2055668320980613

Abstract

Introduction: Neuromuscular electrical stimulation (NMES) could provide an alternative or adjunct treatment modality to induce muscle hypertrophy in the hip osteoarthritis population. This preliminary study evaluates the feasibility and acceptability of NMES to evoke involuntary muscle contractions in adults with advanced hip osteoarthritis. Methods: Thirteen adults with moderate-to-severe hip osteoarthritis and fifteen healthy, older adults were invited to a lab-based testing session. NMES was applied unilaterally to the knee extensors and hip abductors for one continuous, five-minute testing session. Data were collected on device acceptability, tolerability and muscle contractile force, and compared between groups. Results: Electrical stimulation of the knee extensors elicited a visible muscular contraction in 11 participants (85%) with hip osteoarthritis and 15 controls (100%) at an intensity acceptable to the participant. Electrical stimulation of the hip abductors elicited a muscular contraction in eight participants (62%) with osteoarthritis, and ten controls (67%). Muscle contractile force, pain, discomfort and acceptability did not differ between groups, however NMES of the knee extensors was favoured across all measures of assessment when compared to the hip abductors. Conclusions: Electrical stimulation of the knee extensors may be a feasible and acceptable treatment modality to address muscle atrophy in adults with advanced hip osteoarthritis.

Item Type:Article
ISSN:2055-6683
Additional Information:https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/Creative Commons CC BY: This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits any use, reproduction and distribution of the work without further permission provided the original work is attributed as specified on the SAGE and Open Access pages (https://us.sagepub.com/en-us/nam/open-access-at-sage).
Uncontrolled Keywords:Rehabilitation devices; rehabilitation; electrical stimulation; hip osteoarthritis; NMES
Group:Faculty of Health & Social Sciences
ID Code:35287
Deposited By: Unnamed user with email symplectic@symplectic
Deposited On:17 Mar 2021 14:03
Last Modified:15 Aug 2021 08:28

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