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Lifetime and Perceived Stress, Social Support, Loneliness, and Health in Autistic Adults.

Moseley, R., Turner-Cobb, J., Spahr, C.M., Shields, G.S. and Slavich, G.M., 2021. Lifetime and Perceived Stress, Social Support, Loneliness, and Health in Autistic Adults. Health Psychology. (In Press)

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Official URL: https://www.apa.org/pubs/journals/hea/index

Abstract

Objectives: Although the health consequences of life stress in the general population are well known, how different stressors occurring over the lifetime cause morbidity and mortality in autism is unclear, as are the factors that moderate and mediate these associations. The few studies that have compared autistic and non-autistic individuals have used instruments that yield few stress exposure indices and assess stressors occurring over short time periods. Method: To address these issues, we used the Stress and Adversity Inventory to assess lifetime stressor exposure and perceived stressor severity in 127 autistic and 104 non-autistic adults. Moderated mediation analysis examined associations between stressor exposure, physical and mental ill-health with respect to the hypothesised mediating role of stressor perception, and moderation effects of loneliness and social support. Results: Autistic adults experienced more lifetime stressors and generally perceived stressors as more severe. Greater perceived stressor severity was related to poorer physical and mental health, and to greater loneliness and lower social support for both groups. An additional post-hoc analysis of the association between diagnostic status and mental ill-health revealed that loneliness mediated the relation between being autistic and having poorer mental health. Conclusion: Autistic individuals experienced more lifetime stressors, and their impact on physical and mental health was mediated by perceived stressor severity. Moreover, loneliness and low social support were associated with greater negative impact of lifetime stress exposure on mental health. Interventions that reduce cognitive perceptual stress appraisals, and that target loneliness and social support, may help reduce stress-related disease in autistic individuals.

Item Type:Article
ISSN:0278-6133
Uncontrolled Keywords:autism; stress; health; social support; loneliness
Group:Faculty of Science & Technology
ID Code:35575
Deposited By: Unnamed user with email symplectic@symplectic
Deposited On:07 Jun 2021 10:48
Last Modified:29 Jul 2021 09:39

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