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Antenna Grouping Assisted Spatial Modulation for mmWave-based UAV-BS.

Zuo, X., Zhang, J., Han, G. and Mu, X., 2021. Antenna Grouping Assisted Spatial Modulation for mmWave-based UAV-BS. In: IEEE 94rd Vehicular Technology Conference (VTC 2021 Fall), 27-30 September 2021, Online.

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UAV_GrSM_2021_7_14.pdf - Accepted Version
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution Non-commercial.



—The flexible deployment without new infrastructure makes unmanned aerial vehicles employing as base stations (UAV-BS) promising for many application. Since the signals in millimeter-wave frequencies have very small wavelengths, large antenna arrays can be placed in the UAV-BS. Thus, the UAV-BS is capable of providing abundant spatial resources. Spatial modulation (SM) is an effective technology in exploiting additional capacity of the spatial domain by transmitting antenna indices as virtual bits information. However, a limitation of the classical SM is a single transmit antenna activated at each time slot. As a result, the multiplexing gain offered by the multiple transmit antennas has a significantly loss. Generalised spatial modulation (GSM) allows several antennas to be activated to overcome the problem of SM. However, GSM has a improvement in throughput, while suffers from the performance loss resulting from the channel correlation, which is generated by multiple active antennas. Thus, the grouping SM (GrSM) is utilized to offer spatial capacity for the UAV-BS in mmWave frequency. Specially, the transmit antennas of the UAV-BS are partitioned into groups based on their channel characteristics. The SM is adopted by each group, and the multiplexing gain is achieved across groups. Moreover, the deployment of the UAV-BS has significantly influence on the throughput of the system. In this paper, we formulate a problem to maximize the achievable sum rate of the ground user. The GrSM scheme is utilized to obtain extra throughput in spatial domain. Since the dimension of the UAV position is not very high, a grid based exhaustive search method is adopted to solve the optimization problem. Simulation results demonstrate the proposed solution has an improvement in terms of the sum rate performance.

Item Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Uncontrolled Keywords:unmanned aerial vehicle(UAV), millimeter-wave (mmWave), deployment, generalised spatial modulation (GSM), antenna grouping, achievable sum rate
Group:Faculty of Science & Technology
ID Code:35771
Deposited By: Symplectic RT2
Deposited On:14 Jul 2021 15:57
Last Modified:14 Mar 2022 14:28


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