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The anthropogenic consequences of energy consumption in Sub-Saharan Africa: Is there a role for education?

Bello, A.A., Agabo, T. and Adedoyin, F. F., 2021. The anthropogenic consequences of energy consumption in Sub-Saharan Africa: Is there a role for education? Environmental Challenges, 5 (December), 100234.

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DOI: 10.1016/j.envc.2021.100234

Abstract

Sub-Saharan Africa has been one of the most affected regions in the world by the emissions-induced climate crisis. Even though the region is not the biggest emitter of CO2 globally it is important to understand the dynamics of emissions in the sub-continent. This study takes a look at one of those determinants –education. Specifically, the study attempts to unravel the role of education on C02 emissions in Sub-Saharan Africa. To achieve this aim, the study adopts a sample of 46 countries in the region and employs data covering the period 1996–2018. The estimations are carried out using four estimators (Pooled OLS, Fixed Effects, Random Effects and System-GMM). The findings of the study reveal that the improvement in education has two different impacts on C02 emissions in Sub-Saharan Africa. On one hand, the Pooled OLS reveal a negative relationship between education and emissions – (0.000374%) while the random Effects and system GMM reveal a positive relationship between education and C02 emissions (0.000934% & 0.000233% in the region. Similarly, energy consumption is positively associated with carbon emissions (0.0209%). More so, the study suggests that efforts be made to improve education with an emphasis on the harmful effects of emissions to the environment as this will aid to reduce emission-related activities in Sub-Saharan Africa.

Item Type:Article
ISSN:2667-0100
Uncontrolled Keywords:Education; CO2 emissions; Economic growth; Energy consumption; Environment
Group:Bournemouth University Business School
ID Code:35945
Deposited By: Unnamed user with email symplectic@symplectic
Deposited On:01 Sep 2021 09:23
Last Modified:01 Sep 2021 09:23

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