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Levels of Self-representation and Their Sociocognitive Correlates in Late-Diagnosed Autistic Adults.

Moseley, R. L., Liu, C. H., Gregory, N.J., Smith, P., Baron-Cohen, S. and Sui, J., 2021. Levels of Self-representation and Their Sociocognitive Correlates in Late-Diagnosed Autistic Adults. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders. (In Press)

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DOI: 10.1007/s10803-021-05251-x

Abstract

The cognitive representation of oneself is central to other sociocognitive processes, including relations with others. It is reflected in faster, more accurate processing of self-relevant information, a "self-prioritisation effect" (SPE) which is inconsistent across studies in autism. Across two tasks with autistic and non-autistic participants, we explored the SPE and its relationship to autistic traits, mentalizing ability and loneliness. A SPE was intact in both groups, but together the two tasks suggested a reduced tendency of late-diagnosed autistic participants to differentiate between familiar and unfamiliar others and greater ease disengaging from the self-concept. Correlations too revealed a complex picture, which we attempt to explore and disentangle with reference to the inconsistency across self-processing studies in autism, highlighting implications for future research.

Item Type:Article
ISSN:0162-3257
Uncontrolled Keywords:Loneliness ; Mentalizing ; Self-bias ; Self-representation ; Social cognition
Group:Faculty of Science & Technology
ID Code:35948
Deposited By: Unnamed user with email symplectic@symplectic
Deposited On:01 Sep 2021 08:43
Last Modified:01 Sep 2021 08:43

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