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Sensory gating is related to positive and disorganised schizotypy in contrast to smooth pursuit eye movements and latent inhibition.

Hills, P. J., Vasilev, M. R., Ford, P., Snell, L., Whitworth, E., Parsons, T., Morisson, R., Silveira, A. and Angele, B., 2021. Sensory gating is related to positive and disorganised schizotypy in contrast to smooth pursuit eye movements and latent inhibition. Neuropsychologia, 161 (October), 107989.

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DOI: 10.1016/j.neuropsychologia.2021.107989

Abstract

Since the characteristics and symptoms of both schizophrenia and schizotypy are manifested heterogeneously, it is possible that different endophenotypes and neurophysiological measures (sensory gating and smooth pursuit eye movement errors) represent different clusters of symptoms. Participants (N = 205) underwent a standard conditioned-pairing paradigm to establish their sensory gating ratio, a smooth-pursuit eye-movement task, a latent inhibition task, and completed the Schizotypal Personality Questionnaire. A Multidimensional Scaling analysis revealed that sensory gating was related to positive and disorganised dimensions of schizotypy. Latent inhibition and prepulse inhibition were not related to any dimension of schizotypy. Smooth pursuit eye movement error was unrelated to sensory gating and latent inhibition, but was related to negative dimensions of schizotypy. Our findings suggest that the symptom clusters associated with two main endophenotypes are largely independent. To fully understand symptomology and outcomes of schizotypal traits, the different subtypes of schizotypy (and potentially, schizophrenia) ought to be considered separately rather than together.

Item Type:Article
ISSN:0028-3932
Uncontrolled Keywords:Endophenotypes ; Latent inhibition ; Schizophrenia ; Schizotypal personality ; Schizotypy ; Sensory gating ; Smooth pursuit eye movements
Group:Faculty of Science & Technology
ID Code:35973
Deposited By: Unnamed user with email symplectic@symplectic
Deposited On:07 Sep 2021 08:17
Last Modified:07 Sep 2021 08:17

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