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Postmenopausal Chinese-Singaporean Women Have a Higher Ratio of Visceral to Subcutaneous Adipose Tissue Volume than Caucasian Women of the Same Age and BMI.

Kalimeri, M., Totman, J. J., Baum, T., Diefenbach, M.N., Hauner, H., Makowski, M.R., Subburaj, K., Cameron-Smith, D., Henry, C.J., Karampinos, D.C. and Junker, D., 2021. Postmenopausal Chinese-Singaporean Women Have a Higher Ratio of Visceral to Subcutaneous Adipose Tissue Volume than Caucasian Women of the Same Age and BMI. Diagnostics (Basel), 11 (11), 2127.

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DOI: 10.3390/diagnostics11112127

Abstract

Central fat accumulation is a significant determinant of cardio-metabolic health risk, known to differ between ethnically distinct human populations. Despite evidence for preferential central adiposity in Asian populations, the proportional distribution between the subcutaneous and visceral compartments in Chinese postmenopausal women has not been thoroughly investigated. For this analysis, volumetrically quantified subcutaneous and visceral adipose tissue (SAT, VAT) in the pelvic and abdominal regions of postmenopausal Asian (Chinese-Singaporean) and Caucasian (German) women matched for age and Body Mass Index (BMI) was undertaken, to examine such differences between the two groups. Volumes were calculated from segmentations of magnetic resonance imaging datasets of the abdomen and pelvis. Despite SAT, VAT, and the corresponding total adipose tissue (TAT) being similar between the groups, VAT/SAT and VAT/TAT were higher in the Asian group (by 24.5% and 18.2%, respectively, each p = 0.02). Further, VAT/SAT and VAT/TAT were positively correlated with BMI in the Caucasian group only (p = 0.02 and p = 0.01, respectively). We concluded that VAT is proportionally higher in the non-obese Asian women, compared to the Caucasian women of matched age and BMI. This conclusion is in agreement with existing literature showing higher abdominal adiposity in Asian populations. Additionally, in the Asian group, BMI did not correlate with visceral adiposity on a significant level. Further analysis is required to examine the extent to which this increased VAT may impact cardio-metabolic health. There is, however, a need to emphasize healthy lifestyle behaviors in non-obese post-menopausal women of Chinese ancestry.

Item Type:Article
ISSN:2075-4418
Additional Information:This article belongs to the Section Pathology and Molecular Diagnostics
Uncontrolled Keywords:Asian ; Caucasian ; magnetic resonance imaging ; postmenopause ; subcutaneous adipose tissue ; visceral adipose tissue
Group:Faculty of Health & Social Sciences
ID Code:36340
Deposited By: Unnamed user with email symplectic@symplectic
Deposited On:06 Dec 2021 16:22
Last Modified:06 Dec 2021 16:22

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