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Dengue virus is hyperendemic in Nigeria from 2009 to 2020: A contemporary systematic review.

Emeribe, A.U., Abdullahi, I.N., Isong, I.K., Emeribe, A.O., Nwofe, J.O., Shuaib, B.I., Gwarzo, A.M., Usman, Y., Sadi, M., Umeozuru, C.M., Dangana, A., Egenti, B.N., Baba Mallam, M.A., Emelonye, A. U., Aminu, M.S., Yahaya, H. and Oyewusi, S., 2021. Dengue virus is hyperendemic in Nigeria from 2009 to 2020: A contemporary systematic review. Infection and Chemotherapy, 53 (2), 284 - 299.

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Dengue Virus.pdf - Published Version
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DOI: 10.3947/IC.2020.0142


Backround: Data on Dengue virus (DENV) infection prevalence, geographic distribution and risk factors are necessary to direct appropriate utilization of existing and emerging control strategies. This study aimed to determine the pooled prevalence, risk factors of DENV infection and the circulating serotypes within Nigeria from January 1, 2009 to December 31, 2020. Materials and methods: Twenty-one studies out of 2,215 available articles were eligible and included for this systematic review. Relevant articles were searched, screened and included in this study according to the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) criteria. The risk of bias in primary studies was assessed by Cochrane's method. Heterogeneity of pooled prevalence was calculated using the chi-square test on Cochrane's Q statistic, which was quantified by I-square values. The random-effects analyses of proportions were used to determine the pooled prevalence of DENV antibodies, antigen and RNA from eligible studies. Results: Of these, 3 studies reported co-circulation of all the 4 serotypes, while 2 separately reported co-circulation of DENV-1 &2 and DENV-1 to -3. All the antibody-based studies had significantly high heterogeneity (I2 >90%, P <0.05), while the NS1 and PCR-based studies had low heterogeneity (I2 <25%, P >0.05). The pooled prevalence of DENV IgM, IgG, RNA, NS1 and neutralizing antibodies were 16.8%, 34.7%, 7.7%, 7.7% and 0.7%, respectively. Southeast Nigeria had the highest pooled DENV-IgG seropositivity, 77.1%. Marital status, gender, educational level and occupation status, the proximity of residence to refuse dumpsite, frequent use of trousers and long sleeve shirts were significantly associated with DENV IgG seropositivity (P <0.05). Conclusion: Based on these findings, it can be inferred that Nigeria is hyperendemic for Dengue fever and needs concerted efforts to control its spread within and outside the country.

Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:DENV; Risk factor; Endemic; Dengue serotype; Systematic review; Nigeria
Group:Faculty of Health & Social Sciences
ID Code:36583
Deposited By: Symplectic RT2
Deposited On:07 Feb 2022 10:03
Last Modified:14 Mar 2022 14:32


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