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Assessment of fracture risk tools in care home residents: a multi-centre observational pilot study.

Ihama, F., Pandyan, A. and Roffe, C., 2021. Assessment of fracture risk tools in care home residents: a multi-centre observational pilot study. European Geriatric Medicine, 12 (1), 79 -89.

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Assessment of fracture risk tools in care home residents a multi-centre observational pilot study.pdf - Published Version
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DOI: 10.1007/s41999-020-00383-2


BACKGROUND: Fragility fractures are common in care home residents but established tools have not been tested in this population. AIM: To identify the most practicable tool for use. METHODS: DESIGN: Multicentre prospective observational cohort pilot study. SETTING: 18 care homes in Boston, UK. ASSESSMENTS: fragility risk score at baseline with FRAX, QFractureScore, Garvan nomogram, body mass index and TUGT for each participant. OUTCOMES: falls, fractures, combined falls & fractures. Follow-up; 12 months. RESULTS: 217/618 (35%) residents in the 18 care homes were enrolled. 147 (68%) had mental capacity,70 (32%) did not. There were 325 falls and 10 fractures in participants during the study. At the same time there were 1671 falls and 103 fractures in residents not participating in the study. Multiple regression analyses showed that only age had a statistically significant association with falls (χ2(1) = 5.7775, p = 0.0162), fractures (χ2(1) = 4.7269, p = 0.0297) and combined falls & fractures (χ2(1) = 4.7269, p = 0.0297). C-statistics were: falls; FRAX 0.544, BMI 0.610, QFractureScore 0.554, Garvan nomogram 0.579, TUGT 0.656, fractures; FRAX 0.655, BMI 0.708, QFractureScore 0.736, Garvan nomogram 0.712, TUGT 0.590, combined falls and fractures, c-statistics were same as for fractures. Fifty-four participants (25%) died during follow-up. Charlson comorbidity index predicted mortality, R2 = 0.021 (p = 0.034). CONCLUSIONS: QFractureScore, BMI and Garvan nomogram were good predictors of fractures and combined falls and fractures Only age had statistically significant association with the outcomes. No tool was good predictor of falls.

Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:Care home residents; fragility fracture; risk assessment; tools; bone density; humans; osteoporotic fractures; pilot projects; risk assessment; risk factors
Group:Faculty of Health & Social Sciences
ID Code:36613
Deposited By: Symplectic RT2
Deposited On:18 Feb 2022 10:37
Last Modified:14 Mar 2022 14:32


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