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Deep Learning and Machine Learning for Early Detection of Stroke and Haemorrhage.

Al-Mekhlafi, Z.G., Senan, E.M., Rassem, T. H., Mohammed, B.A., Makbol, N.M., Alanazi, A.A., Almurayziq, T.S. and Ghaleb, F.A., 2022. Deep Learning and Machine Learning for Early Detection of Stroke and Haemorrhage. Computers, Materials and Continua, 72 (1), 775 - 796.

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DOI: 10.32604/cmc.2022.024492


Stroke and cerebral haemorrhage are the second leading causes of death in the world after ischaemic heart disease. In this work, a dataset containing medical, physiological and environmental tests for stroke was used to evaluate the efficacy of machine learning, deep learning and a hybrid technique between deep learning and machine learning on theMagnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) dataset for cerebral haemorrhage. In the first dataset (medical records), two features, namely, diabetes and obesity, were created on the basis of the values of the corresponding features. The t-Distributed Stochastic Neighbour Embedding algorithm was applied to represent the high-dimensional dataset in a low-dimensional data space. Meanwhile, the Recursive Feature Elimination algorithm (RFE) was applied to rank the features according to priority and their correlation to the target feature and to remove the unimportant features. The features are fed into the various classification algorithms, namely, Support Vector Machine (SVM), K Nearest Neighbours (KNN), Decision Tree, Random Forest, and Multilayer Perceptron. All algorithms achieved superior results. The Random Forest algorithm achieved the best performance amongst the algorithms; it reached an overall accuracy of 99%. This algorithm classified stroke cases with Precision, Recall and F1 score of 98%, 100% and 99%, respectively. In the second dataset, the MRI image dataset was evaluated by using the AlexNet model and AlexNet+SVM hybrid technique. The hybrid model AlexNet+SVM performed is better than the AlexNet model; it reached accuracy, sensitivity, specificity and Area Under the Curve (AUC) of 99.9%, 100%, 99.80% and 99.86%, respectively.

Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:Stroke; cerebral haemorrhage; deep learning; machine learning; t-SNE and RFE algorithms
Group:Faculty of Science & Technology
ID Code:36721
Deposited By: Symplectic RT2
Deposited On:07 Mar 2022 15:53
Last Modified:14 Mar 2022 14:33


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