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Reverse coding of a common-sense physical activity intervention for older adults using elements of the Behaviour Change Wheel framework.

Powell, A. and Thomas, S., 2022. Reverse coding of a common-sense physical activity intervention for older adults using elements of the Behaviour Change Wheel framework. Health Promotion Practice. (In Press)

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DOI: 10.1177/15248399221081832

Abstract

“Common-sense” physical activity (PA) interventions for older adults may be more effective if developed in accordance with behavior change theory. One way to achieve this is through retrospectively applying a theoretical behavior change framework to “reverse code” an existing intervention and guide its ongoing development. This study aimed to detail a clear and systematic procedure that applied elements of the Behaviour Change Wheel (BCW) framework to reverse code the Active Ageing Pathway (AAP) intervention. The objectives of the procedure were to characterize the content of the AAP and its links to behavior change theory. The content of the AAP was first deconstructed through the examination of “standard operating procedures” documents, in-person observation, and a series of face-to-face discussions with AAP management. Then, the behavior change techniques (BCT) and BCW intervention functions associated with the AAP’s content were identified and coded using the BCT Taxonomy version 1. Forty-one active components were identified within the AAP, which involved numerous professionals, and pertained to a diverse and interlinked range of factors, across various modes of delivery. The components were classified under 20 separate BCT labels, which related to eight of the nine BCW intervention functions. These outcomes were demonstrated to have practical applications for identifying gaps in intervention content as well as for guiding future intervention evaluation. This study supports previous work detailing the usefulness of reverse coding procedures as a tool for developing common-sense interventions, and is the first to do so in the context of a PA intervention for older adults.

Item Type:Article
ISSN:1524-8399
Uncontrolled Keywords:physical activity/exercise; behavior change; community intervention; program planning and evaluation; behavior change theory; theory
Group:Faculty of Health & Social Sciences
ID Code:36836
Deposited By: Symplectic RT2
Deposited On:08 Apr 2022 14:27
Last Modified:08 Apr 2022 14:27

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