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Coral reef conservation in Bali in light of international best practice, a literature review.

Boakes, Z., Hall, A., Ampou, E., Jones, G., Agung Suryaputra, I., Mahyuni, L., Prasetyo, R. and Stafford, R., 2022. Coral reef conservation in Bali in light of international best practice, a literature review. Journal for Nature Conservation, 67 (June), 126190.

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DOI: 10.1016/j.jnc.2022.126190


Bali, Indonesia sits within the coral triangle and is internationally recognised for its high coral reef diversity. The health of Bali’s marine ecosystems has declined in recent decades, and this is thought to be due to threats from climate change, destructive fishing practices, pollution, outbreaks coral eating invertebrates, coral disease and unsustainable tourism. As a response, multiple conservation strategies have been introduced by the island’s communities, non-government organisations and governments, with the aim of preventing further decline, as well as restoring already degraded coral reefs. This literature review provides an in-depth analysis of the tools used to conserve Bali’s coral reefs, and compares them to those used in other countries. In light of international ‘best practice’ in coral reef conservation, this review makes suggestions on how Bali could better conserve its coral reef ecosystems. These include (1) increasing its designation of official Marine Protected Areas (MPAS) and strengthening management of existing ones, (2) creating an MPA network, (3) substantially reducing marine plastic pollution, (4) continuing artificial reef construction in degraded habitats, (5) continuing to develop Bali as an ecotourism destination, (6) increasing engagement in global science to inform marine conservation decision-making, and (7) developing more marine monitoring programmes

Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:Coral Reef Restoration; Marine Conservation; Indonesia; Artificial Reefs; Ecotourism
Group:Faculty of Science & Technology
ID Code:36896
Deposited By: Symplectic RT2
Deposited On:03 May 2022 12:16
Last Modified:28 Apr 2023 01:08


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