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The Effects of Multi-Nutrient Formulas containing a Combination of Omega-3 Polyunsaturated Fatty Acids and B vitamins on Cognition in the older adult: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis.

Fairbairn, P., Dyall, S. and Tsofliou, F., 2022. The Effects of Multi-Nutrient Formulas containing a Combination of Omega-3 Polyunsaturated Fatty Acids and B vitamins on Cognition in the older adult: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis. The British Journal of Nutrition: an international journal of nutritional science. (In Press)

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DOI: 10.1017/S0007114522001283

Abstract

There is now evidence to suggest that there may be an interaction between B vitamins and omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs), with suggestions that increasing intake of both nutrients simultaneously may benefit cognition in older adults. The aim of this systematic review was to investigate whether supplementation with a combination of omega-3 PUFAs and B vitamins can prevent cognitive decline in older adults. Randomised control trials conducted in older adults that measured cognitive function were retrieved. The included trials provided a combination of omega-3 PUFAs and B vitamins alone, or in combination with other nutrients. Trials that provided omega-3 PUFAs alone and also measured B vitamin status or provided B vitamin supplementation alone and measured omega-3 PUFA status were also included. The databases searched were The Cochrane Library, EMBASE, CINAHL, Scopus, and MEDLINE. A total of 14 papers were included in the analysis (n=4913; age: 60-70 y; follow up 24 weeks to 4 years). The meta-analysis results found a significant benefit of nutrient formulas, which included both omega-3 PUFAs and B vitamins alongside other nutrients, versus placebo on global cognition assessed using composite scores from a neuropsychological test battery (G=0.23, P=0.002), global cognition using single measures of cognition (G=0.28, P=0.004) and episodic memory (G=0.32, P=0.001). The results indicate that providing a combination of omega-3 PUFA and B vitamins as part of a multi-nutrient formula benefits cognition in older adults versus a placebo, the potential for an interaction between these key nutrients should be considered in future experimental work.

Item Type:Article
ISSN:0007-1145
Uncontrolled Keywords:Omega-3 Polyunsaturated Fatty Acids, B Vitamins, Cognition, Memory, Older Adults
Group:Faculty of Science & Technology
ID Code:36903
Deposited By: Symplectic RT2
Deposited On:03 May 2022 13:51
Last Modified:03 May 2022 13:51

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