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Differences in physical and mental health of older adults over the Covid-19 pandemic from face-to-face versus hybrid methods.

Lau, C. F., Shahimi, N. H., Mat, S, Kioh, S. H., Khor, H. M., Saedon, N. I., Khaliddin, N, Khoo, S, Mazlan, M, Khoo, E. M., Zakaria, N. I., Nyman, S. R., Morgan, K. and Tan, M. P., 2022. Differences in physical and mental health of older adults over the Covid-19 pandemic from face-to-face versus hybrid methods. Aging Medicine and Healthcare. (In Press)

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Abstract

Background As a result of the COVID-19 pandemic, changes in data collection methods have been introduced in research to ensure continuity despite physical distancing and lockdown restrictions. Our objective was to compare differences in physical and mental health of older adults participating in falls research using data collection methods pre-covid-19 pandemic (face-to-face) and during the pandemic (hybrid). Methods Individuals aged 60 years and over with at least one fall in the past 12 months, and controls with no history of falls in the past 12 months were recruited. Pre-pandemic, individuals were interviewed face-to-face exclusively, those interviews after the start of the pandemic were conducted virtually with physical assessments conducted face-to-face to minimize physical contact. Cognitive status, physical performance, psychological status, quality of life, physical activity, and social participation were measured. Results Of the 145 participants of similar socio-demographic backgrounds, 69 were interviewed face to-face, while 76 were assessed using a hybrid method. Differences were observed in presence of fall characteristics, with fewer fallers seeing a doctor and more fallers attending the emergency department after the start of the pandemic. After adjustment for baseline differences, participants interviewed using hybrid status had lower depression scores (OR (95%CI)=0.29(0.14-0.61)) and stress scores (OR(95%CI)=0.33(0.15-0.72)), but greater fear of falling (OR(95%CI)=2.16(1.04-4.48)) and reduced social participation (OR(95%CI)=2.64(1.20-5.79)). Conclusion Alterations in data collection methods to overcome pandemic restrictions should take into consideration potential differences in individuals who agree to participate as well as the influence of major life events on the psychological status of participants.

Item Type:Article
ISSN:2663-8851
Uncontrolled Keywords:ageing; COVID-19 pandemic; physical function; psychological status; older adults
Group:Faculty of Health & Social Sciences
ID Code:36918
Deposited By: Symplectic RT2
Deposited On:06 May 2022 15:27
Last Modified:09 May 2022 14:02

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