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Raeding with the fingres. Towards a universal model of letter position coding.

Baciero, A., Gomez, P., Duñabeitia, J. A. and Perea, M., 2022. Raeding with the fingres. Towards a universal model of letter position coding. Psychonomic Bulletin and Review. (In Press)

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Baciero2022_Article_RaedingWithTheFingresTowardsAU.pdf - Published Version
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DOI: 10.3758/s13423-022-02078-0


Letter position coding in word recognition has been widely investigated in the visual modality (e.g., labotarory is confusable with laboratory), but not as much in the tactile modality using braille, leading to an incomplete understanding of whether this process is modality-dependent. Unlike sighted readers, braille readers do not show a transposed-letter similarity efect with nonadjacent transpositions (e.g., labotarory = labodanory; Perea et al., 2012). While this latter fnding was taken to suggest that the fexibility in letter position coding was due to visual factors (e.g., perceptual uncertainty in the location of visual objects (letters)), it is necessary to test whether transposed-letter efects occur with adjacent letters to reach frm conclusions. Indeed, in the auditory modality (i.e., another serial modality), a transposed-phoneme efect occurs for adjacent but not for nonadjacent transpositions. In a lexical decision task, we examined whether pseudowords created by transposing two adjacent letters of a word (e.g., laboartory) are more confusable with their base word (laboratory) than pseudowords created by replacing those letters (laboestory) in braille. Results showed that transposed-letter pseudowords produced more errors and slower responses than the orthographic controls. Thus, these fndings suggest that the mechanism of serial order, while universal, can be shaped by the sensory modality at play.

Item Type:Article
Additional Information:Funding This research has been partly supported by Grants PSI2017-86210-P and PID2020-116740GB-I00 funded by the MCIN/AEI/10.13039/501100011033 (MP), Grant SMA-2127135 from the National Science Fundation (PG), and Grant PGC2018-097145-B-I00 (JAD) from the AIE and the Spanish Ministry of Science and Innovation.
Uncontrolled Keywords:Transposed-letter efect · Word recognition · Braille · Lexical decision
Group:Faculty of Science & Technology
ID Code:37020
Deposited By: Symplectic RT2
Deposited On:06 Jun 2022 13:09
Last Modified:06 Jun 2022 13:09


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