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Early Diagnosis of Brain Tumour MRI Images Using Hybrid Techniques between Deep and Machine Learning.

Senan, E. M., Jadhav, M. E, Rassem, T. H., Aljaloud, A. S., Mohammed, B. A. and Al-Mekhlafi, Z. G., 2022. Early Diagnosis of Brain Tumour MRI Images Using Hybrid Techniques between Deep and Machine Learning. Computational and Mathematical Methods in Medicine, 2022, 8330833.

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DOI: 10.1155/2022/8330833


Cancer is considered one of the most aggressive and destructive diseases that shortens the average lives of patients. Misdiagnosed brain tumours lead to false medical intervention, which reduces patients' chance of survival. Accurate early medical diagnoses of brain tumour are an essential point for starting treatment plans that improve the survival of patients with brain tumours. Computer-aided diagnostic systems have provided consecutive successes for helping medical doctors make accurate diagnoses and have conducted positive strides in the field of deep and machine learning. Deep convolutional layers extract strong distinguishing features from the regions of interest compared with those extracted using traditional methods. In this study, different experiments are performed for brain tumour diagnosis by combining deep learning and traditional machine learning techniques. AlexNet and ResNet-18 are used with the support vector machine (SVM) algorithm for brain tumour classification and diagnosis. Brain tumour magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) images are enhanced using the average filter technique. Then, deep learning techniques are applied to extract robust and important deep features via deep convolutional layers. The process of combining deep and machine learning techniques starts, where features are extracted using deep learning techniques, namely, AlexNet and ResNet-18. These features are then classified using SoftMax and SVM. The MRI dataset contains 3,060 images divided into four classes, which are three tumours and one normal. All systems have achieved superior results. Specifically, the AlexNet+SVM hybrid technique exhibits the best performance, with 95.10% accuracy, 95.25% sensitivity, and 98.50% specificity.

Item Type:Article
Additional Information:Data Availability The datasets were collected from Nanfang Hospital, Guangzhou, China, and Tianjin Medical University General Hospital, China, between years 2005 and 2010. Available at this link:
Uncontrolled Keywords:Brain Neoplasms; Early Detection of Cancer; Humans; Machine Learning; Magnetic Resonance Imaging; Support Vector Machine
Group:Faculty of Science & Technology
ID Code:37023
Deposited By: Symplectic RT2
Deposited On:06 Jun 2022 13:45
Last Modified:06 Jun 2022 13:45


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