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Mentalizing in first-episode psychosis: Correlates with symptomatology and traits of borderline personality disorder.

Archer, M., Shnyien, A., Mansfield, S. and Draycott, S., 2022. Mentalizing in first-episode psychosis: Correlates with symptomatology and traits of borderline personality disorder. Early Intervention in Psychiatry. (In Press)

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Mentalizing in psychosis - Archer 2022.pdf - Published Version
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DOI: 10.1111/eip.13356


Aim: To explore the associations between mentalizing, positive and negative symptoms of psychosis, and traits of borderline personality disorder, in a sample of patients with first-episode psychosis, and in a non-clinical sample. Methods: A quantitative cross-sectional design was employed. Thirty-two adults with first-episode psychosis and 148 non-clinical participants were assessed using the reflective functioning questionnaire. The questionnaire measures two dimensions of mentalizing, certainty and uncertainty about mental states. Traits of borderline personality disorder and symptoms of psychosis were measured using the self-report version of the Zanarini rating scale, the Community Assessment of Psychotic Experiences, and the Green et al., paranoid thought scale. Results: Patients with first-episode psychosis reported increased mentalizing impairments, characterized as hypomentalizing tendencies, compared to the non-clinical group. Regression analysis showed significant associations between higher scores on the uncertainty about mental states scale and negative symptoms of psychosis in both groups. No associations were found between mentalizing impairments and traits of borderline personality disorder in the clinical sample, although associations were found in the non-clinical sample. Conclusions: The present findings suggests that impairments in mentalizing may be associated with negative symptoms of psychosis across both clinical and non-clinical samples. Mentalizing impairments was found to be associated with traits of borderline personality disorder, but this finding was only confirmed in the non-clinical sample. Mentalizing should therefore be considered in the early assessment and treatment of patients experiencing difficulties with negative symptoms of psychosis.

Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:borderline personality disorder; first-episode psychosis; mentalizing; reflective functioning
Group:Faculty of Science & Technology
ID Code:37646
Deposited By: Symplectic RT2
Deposited On:17 Oct 2022 14:19
Last Modified:17 Oct 2022 14:19


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