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The effect of internal control quality on real and accrual-based earnings management: evidence from France.

Boulhaga, M., Bouri, A. and Elbardan, H., 2022. The effect of internal control quality on real and accrual-based earnings management: evidence from France. Journal of Management Control. (In Press)

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DOI: 10.1007/s00187-022-00348-5

Abstract

This paper examines the effect of internal control (IC) quality, measured by IC weakness disclosures, on the quality of financial statements’ information, measured by real and accrual-based earnings management. The sample consists of 686 firmyear observations of French non-financial companies listed in the SBF 120 index during the period between 2012 and 2018. Using ordinary least squares (OLS) and generalized method of moments (GMM) regression, our empirical results indicate that IC weakness disclosures are positively and significantly related to real activities manipulation and negatively associated with discretionary accruals. This provides empirical evidence that a good system of IC reduces accrual-based earnings management activities and improves the reliability of financial statements; however, it cannot control real earnings management (REM). The research findings are of practical interest not only to financial analysts, auditors, and investors—guiding them to pay attention to REM activities in case of disclosures of IC weaknesses—but also to regulators, who may consider additional disclosure requirements when reporting material IC weaknesses and designing policies that could help in reducing REM practices.

Item Type:Article
ISSN:2191-4761
Uncontrolled Keywords:internal control weaknesses; real earnings management; discretionary accruals; generalized method of moments (GMM)
Group:Bournemouth University Business School
ID Code:37792
Deposited By: Symplectic RT2
Deposited On:11 Nov 2022 10:48
Last Modified:11 Nov 2022 10:48

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