Skip to main content

Spikes with and without concurrent high-frequency oscillations: Topographic relationship and neural correlates using EEG-fMRI.

Urriola, J., Bollmann, S., Tremayne, F., Burianová, H., Marstaller, L. and Reutens, D., 2022. Spikes with and without concurrent high-frequency oscillations: Topographic relationship and neural correlates using EEG-fMRI. Epilepsy Research, 188, 107039.

Full text available as:

Manuscript_HB.pdf - Accepted Version
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution Non-commercial No Derivatives.


DOI: 10.1016/j.eplepsyres.2022.107039


OBJECTIVE: Epilepsy surgery is the best therapeutic option for patients with drug-resistant focal epilepsy. During presurgical investigation, interictal spikes can provide important information on eligibility, lateralisation and localisation of the surgical target. However, their relationship to epileptogenic tissue is variable. Interictal spikes with concurrent high-frequency oscillations (HFOs) have been postulated to reflect epileptogenic tissue more reliably. Here, we studied the voltage distribution of scalp-recorded spikes with and without concurrent HFO and identified their respective haemodynamic correlates using simultaneous electroencephalography and functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging (EEG-fMRI). METHODS: The scalp topography of spikes with and without concurrent HFOs were assessed in 31 consecutive patients with focal drug-resistant epilepsy who showed interictal spikes during presurgical evaluation. Simultaneous EEG-fMRI was then used in 17 patients with spikes and concurrent HFOs. Haemodynamic changes were obtained from the spatial correlation between the patient-specific voltage map of each spike population and the intra-scanner EEG. The haemodynamic response of spikes with and without HFOs were compared in terms of their spatial similarity, strength, the distance between activation peaks and concordance with interictal localisation. RESULTS: Twenty-five patients showed spikes with and without concurrent HFOs. Among patients with both types of spikes, most spikes were not associated with HFOs (p < 0.0001, Mann-Whitney test). Twenty of the 25 patients showed an average of 8 ± 6 (standard deviation) electrodes with significant voltage differences (p = 0.025, permutation test corrected for multiple comparisons) on scalp electrodes within and distant to the spike field. Comparing the haemodynamic response between both spike populations, we found no significant differences in the peak strength (p = 0.71, Mann-Whitney test), spatial distribution (p = 0.113, One-sample Wilcoxon test) and distance between activation peaks (p = 0.5, One-sample Wilcoxon test), with all peaks being co-localised in the same lobe. SIGNIFICANCE: Our data showed that spikes with and without HFOs have different scalp voltage distributions. However, when assessing the haemodynamic changes of each spike type, we found that both elicit similar haemodynamic changes and share high spatial similarity suggesting that the epileptic networks of spikes with and without HFOs have the same underlying neural substrate.

Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:EEG-fMRI; HFOs; High-frequency oscillations; Voltage topography; ‘HFO+ ’ spike
Group:Faculty of Science & Technology
ID Code:37798
Deposited By: Symplectic RT2
Deposited On:11 Nov 2022 14:23
Last Modified:22 Oct 2023 01:08


Downloads per month over past year

More statistics for this item...
Repository Staff Only -