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Self-healing by Diels-Alder cycloaddition in advanced functional polymers: A review.

Ratwani, C. R., Kamali, A.R. and Abdelkader, A.M., 2023. Self-healing by Diels-Alder cycloaddition in advanced functional polymers: A review. Progress in Materials Science, 131 (Jan).

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DA review manuscript.pdf - Accepted Version
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution Non-commercial No Derivatives.


DOI: 10.1016/j.pmatsci.2022.101001


The ability of artificial materials to be healed efficiently, mimicking the living organisms, exhibits a great deal of potential advantages that can revolutionise the operation and maintenance of materials used in various applications. Such self-healable smart materials have been extensively researched in the last few decades, leading to the development of different physical and chemical synthesis approaches. Among these methods, chemical techniques based on reversible cycloadditions or disulfide bonding provide obvious advantages in terms of repeatability, which holds prime importance in determining the commerciality of the healing approach. This review compiles the recent advances in the field of self-healing polymers where the healing ability is introduced by reversible cycloaddition reactions while focusing mainly on the Diels-Alder (DA) reaction. DA is a [4 + 2] cycloaddition reaction where diene and dienophile pairs are used to fabricate thermally reversible crosslinked networks. These covalent bonds provide the necessary reversibility to the healing matrix and impart the desired strength to the polymeric material. There is a considerable body of recent literature where DA bonding has been employed either on its own or along with other healing mechanisms to impart self-healing to polymers. However, lack of a systematic review discussing these works makes it difficult for a beginner to cope with advancements in this field. Most early studies have focused on the healing stimuli and efficiency of healing in polymers but with this review, we would like to explore the healing thermodynamics governing the rupture–repair process in DA polymers along with the use of advanced spectroscopic techniques to study them and their applicability in thermosets, epoxy resins, biopolymers, and polymer nanocomposites. Novel applications for such advanced functional polymers, multifunctional healable polymers, and the outlook for future research, opportunities and challenges in the area are also discussed.

Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:Self-healing polymers;Diels-Alder cycloaddition;Intrinsic healing;Functional polymers;Click chemistry
Group:Faculty of Science & Technology
ID Code:38061
Deposited By: Symplectic RT2
Deposited On:27 Jan 2023 11:23
Last Modified:27 Jan 2023 11:23


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