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Risk Analysis of COVID-19 Infections in Kolkata Metropolitan City: A GIS-Based Study and Policy Implications.

Nath, B, Majumder, S, Sen, J and Rahman, M. M., 2021. Risk Analysis of COVID-19 Infections in Kolkata Metropolitan City: A GIS-Based Study and Policy Implications. GeoHealth, 5 (4), e2020GH000368.

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Risk Analysis of COVID-19 Infections in Kolkata Metropolitan City A GIS-Based Study and Policy Implications.pdf - Published Version
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DOI: 10.1029/2020GH000368


The COVID-19 pandemic has affected daily lives of people around the world. People have already started to live wearing masks, keeping a safe distance from others, and maintaining a high level of hygiene. This paper deals with an in-depth analysis of riskness associated with COVID-19 infections in Kolkata Municipal Corporation (KMC) at the subcity (ward) level. Attempts have been made to identify the areas with high or low risk of infections using GIS-based geostatistical approach. Cosine Similarity Index has been used to rank different wards of KMC according to the degree of riskness. Four indices were computed to address intervention objectives and to determine “Optimized Prevention Rank” of wards for future policy decisions. The highest risk areas were located in the eastern and western part of the city, to a great extent overlapped with wards containing larger share of population living in slums and/or below poverty level. On the other hand, highly infected areas lie in central Kolkata and in several wards at the eastern and northeastern periphery of the KMC. The “Optimized Prevention Rank” have indicated that the lack of social awareness along with lack of social distancing have contributed to the increasing number of containments of COVID-19 cases. The rankings of the wards would no doubt provide the policy makers a basis to control further spread of the disease. Since effective antiviral drugs are already in the market, the best application of our research would be in the ensuing vaccination drive against further COVID-19 infections.

Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:COVID‐19; Kolkata; risk analysis; social awareness; social distancing
Group:Faculty of Science & Technology
ID Code:38132
Deposited By: Symplectic RT2
Deposited On:03 Feb 2023 08:55
Last Modified:03 Feb 2023 08:55


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