Skip to main content

Spatio-temporal clustering of lumbar intervertebral flexion interactions in 127 asymptomatic individuals.

Nematimoez, M., Breen, A. C. and Breen, A., 2023. Spatio-temporal clustering of lumbar intervertebral flexion interactions in 127 asymptomatic individuals. Journal of biomechanics, 154, 111634.

Full text available as:

BM-D-23-00045_R1 Submitted_1.pdf - Accepted Version
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution Non-commercial No Derivatives.


DOI: 10.1016/j.jbiomech.2023.111634


Little information is available about the movement interactions among lumbar vertebral levels that could be applied when considering interventions. The purpose of this study was therefore to categorize asymptomatic participants based on the clustering of spatial and temporal intervertebral kinematic variables during lumbar flexion. Lumbar segmental interactions (L2-S1) were evaluated in 127 asymptomatic participants during flexion using fluoroscopy. First, four variables were identified consisting of: 1. Range of motion (ROMC), 2. Peaking time of the first derivative for separate segmentation (PTFDs), 3. Peaking magnitude of the first derivative (PMFD), and 4. Peaking time of the first derivative for stepwise (grouped) segmentation (PTFDss). These variables were used to cluster and order the lumbar levels. The number of participants required to constitute a cluster was chosen as 7. Participants formed eight (ROMC), four (PTFDs), eight (PMFD), and four (PTFDss) clusters, which included 85%, 80%, 77%, and 60% of them, respectively, according to the above features. For all clustering variables, angle time series of some lumbar levels showed significant differences between clusters. However, in general, all clusters could be categorized based on the segmental mobility contexts into three main groups as incidental macro clusters: the upper (L2-L4>L4-S1), middle (L2- L3<L3-L5>L5-S1) and lower (L2-L4<L4-S1) domains. There are spatial and temporal segmental interactions and between-subject variability in asymptomatic participants. In addition, the differences in angle time series among the clusters have provided evidence of feedback control strategies, while the stepwise segmentation facilitates consideration of the lumbar spine as a system and provides supplementary information about segmental interactions. Clinically, these facts could be taken into account when considering any intervention, but especially fusion surgery.

Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:Cluster; Lumbar spine flexion; Spatial; Temporal; Interaction
Group:Faculty of Science & Technology
ID Code:38542
Deposited By: Symplectic RT2
Deposited On:22 May 2023 11:29
Last Modified:13 May 2024 01:08


Downloads per month over past year

More statistics for this item...
Repository Staff Only -