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Low Earth Orbit Satellite Security and Reliability: Issues, Solutions, and the Road Ahead.

Yue, P., An, J., Zhang, J., Ye, J., Pan, G., Wang, S., Xiao, P. and Hanzo, L., 2023. Low Earth Orbit Satellite Security and Reliability: Issues, Solutions, and the Road Ahead. IEEE Communications Surveys and Tutorials, 25 (3), 1604-1652.

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DOI: 10.1109/COMST.2023.3296160


Low Earth Orbit (LEO) satellites undergo a period of rapid development driven by ever-increasing user demands, reduced costs, and technological progress. Since there is a lack of literature on the security and reliability issues of LEO Satellite Communication Systems (SCSs), we aim to fill this knowledge gap. Specifically, we critically appraise the inherent characteristics of LEO SCSs and elaborate on their security and reliability requirements. In light of this, we further discuss their vulnerabilities, including potential security attacks launched against them and reliability risks, followed by outlining the associated lessons learned. Subsequently, we discuss the corresponding security and reliability enhancement solutions, unveil a range of trade-offs, and summarize the lessons gleaned. Furthermore, we shed light on several promising future research directions for enhancing the security and reliability of LEO SCSs, such as integrated sensing and communication, computer vision aided communications, as well as challenges brought about by megaconstellation and commercialization. Finally, we summarize the lessons inferred and crystallize the take-away messages in our design guidelines.

Item Type:Article
Additional Information:“© 2023 IEEE. Personal use of this material is permitted. Permission from IEEE must be obtained for all other uses, in any current or future media, including reprinting/republishing this material for advertising or promotional purposes, creating new collective works, for resale or redistribution to servers or lists, or reuse of any copyrighted component of this work in other works.”
Uncontrolled Keywords:LEO satellite communication systems; security attacks; reliability risks; security enhancement solutions; reliability enhancement solutions; security attack prevention; security attack detection; security attack mitigation; design guidelines
Group:Faculty of Science & Technology
ID Code:38783
Deposited By: Symplectic RT2
Deposited On:14 Jul 2023 09:51
Last Modified:29 May 2024 15:45


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