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Dissociations between directly and generatively retrieved autobiographical memories: evidence from ageing.

Markostamou, I., Randall, C. and Kvavilashvili, L., 2023. Dissociations between directly and generatively retrieved autobiographical memories: evidence from ageing. Memory, 31 (7), 931-947.

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2023 Markostamou et al Memory - Dissociations between directly and generatively retrieved autobiographical memories evidence from ageing.pdf - Published Version
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DOI: 10.1080/09658211.2023.2212921


Autobiographical memory research has largely focused on effortful, generative retrieval processes, particularly in cognitive ageing literature. However, recent evidence has shown that autobiographical memories are often retrieved directly, without effortful retrieval processes. In the present study, we examined the retrieval characteristics and the phenomenological qualities of directly and generatively retrieved memories in younger and older adults. Participants recalled autobiographical memories in response to word-cues and reported whether each of their memories was retrieved directly (i.e., memory popped into mind) or generatively (i.e., they actively searched for it), and provided ratings for several retrieval and phenomenological characteristics. Overall, directly retrieved autobiographical memories were recalled faster and with less effort, were more recent, more frequently rehearsed, more vivid, and more positive in valence than generatively retrieved memories. Importantly, while younger adults recalled a higher number of generatively retrieved autobiographical memories than older adults, there were no age effects on the number of directly retrieved memories. We also established the parallel-form reliability of the word-cue method in eliciting autobiographical memories by comparing two sets of word-cues. The results provide novel insights on the dissociable effects of retrieval type and ageing on autobiographical memories. Theoretical and practical implications of these findings are discussed.

Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:Ageing; autobiographical memory; memory cueing paradigm; retrieval processes; Humans; Aged; Memory, Episodic; Reproducibility of Results; Mental Recall; Cues; Aging
Group:Faculty of Science & Technology
ID Code:39244
Deposited By: Symplectic RT2
Deposited On:11 Dec 2023 16:46
Last Modified:11 Dec 2023 16:46


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