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Parafoveal Processing of Word n + 2 During Reading: Do the Preceding Words Matter?

Angele, B. and Rayner, K., 2011. Parafoveal Processing of Word n + 2 During Reading: Do the Preceding Words Matter? Journal of Experimental Psychology, 37 (4), 1210-1220.

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DOI: 10.1037/a0023096


We used the boundary paradigm (Rayner, 1975) to test two hypotheses that might explain why no conclusive evidence has been found for the existence of n + 2 preprocessing effects. In Experiment 1, we tested whether parafoveal processing of the second word to the right of fixation (n + 2) takes place only when the preceding word (n + 1) is very short (Angele, Slattery, Yang, Kliegl, & Rayner, 2008); word n + 1 was always a three-letter word. Before crossing the boundary, preview for both words n + 1 and n + 2 was either incorrect or correct. In a third condition, only the preview for word n + 1 was incorrect. In Experiment 2, we tested whether word frequency of the preboundary word (n) had an influence on the presence of preview benefit and parafoveal-on-foveal effects. Additionally, Experiment 2 contained a condition in which only preview of n + 2 was incorrect. Our findings suggest that effects of parafoveal n + 2 preprocessing are not modulated by either n + 1 word length or n frequency. Furthermore, we did not observe any evidence of parafoveal lexical preprocessing of word n + 2 in either experiment. © 2011 American Psychological Association.

Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:Attention; Comprehension; Fixation, Ocular; Fovea Centralis; Humans; Mental Processes; Reading; Reference Values; Vision, Ocular; Visual Fields; Visual Perception
Group:Faculty of Science & Technology
ID Code:39481
Deposited By: Symplectic RT2
Deposited On:08 Feb 2024 08:42
Last Modified:08 Feb 2024 08:42


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