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MEOW: - Automatic Evolutionary Multi-Objective Concealed Weapon Detection.

Dimanov, D., Singleton, C., Rostami, S. and Balaguer-Ballester, E., 2023. MEOW: - Automatic Evolutionary Multi-Objective Concealed Weapon Detection. In: Faust, A., Garnett, R., White, C., Hutter, F. and Gardner, J. R., eds. Proceedings of the Second International Conference on Automated Machine Learning. MLResearchPress, 5.

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X-ray screening is crucial for ensuring safety and security in crowded public areas. However, X-ray operators are often overwhelmed by the sheer amount of potential threats to assess; thus, current computer vision-aided systems are designed to alleviate theseworkloads. In this study, we focus on a key, unresolved challenge for developing such automatic X-ray screening systems: the direct application of existing avant garde computer vision approaches does not necessarily yield satisfactory results in the X-ray medium, hindering the effectiveness of current screening systems. To overcome this drawback, we propose a novel automated machine learning (AutoML) multi-objective approach for neural architecture search (NAS) for concealed weapon detection (MEOW). We benchmark MEOW with the state-of-the-art in two comprehensive scenarios in threat identification: SIXray (a popular, massive X-ray dataset) and Residuals (a proprietary, unpublished dataset provided by our industry partners). MEOW consist of the coalescence of two new components: First, we design a heuristic technique to strongly reduce the high computational cost of neuroevolutionary search while preserving a high performance such that it can be effectively used in real-time industrial settings. Second, we devise a novel ensemble approach for combining multiple discovered architectures simultaneously. Leveraging these two characteristics, MEOW outperforms the state-of-the-art while keeping the NAS overhead to a minimum. More broadly, our results suggest that AutoML has a strong potential for security applications.

Item Type:Book Section
Group:Faculty of Science & Technology
ID Code:39768
Deposited By: Symplectic RT2
Deposited On:30 Apr 2024 13:26
Last Modified:30 Apr 2024 13:26


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