Skip to main content

Does the new rugby union scrum sequence positively influence the hooker's in situ spinal kinematics?

Swaminathan, R., Williams, J. M., Jones, M.D. and Theobald, P.S., 2016. Does the new rugby union scrum sequence positively influence the hooker's in situ spinal kinematics? BMJ Open Sport and Exercise Medicine, 2 (1), 1-8.

Full text available as:

e000064.full.pdf - Published Version
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution Non-commercial.


Official URL:

DOI: 10.1136/bmjsem-2015-000064


Background: Scrummaging is unique to rugby union and involves 2 ‘packs’ of 8 players competing to regain ball possession. Intending to serve as a quick and safe method to restart the game, injury prevalence during scrummaging necessitates further evaluation of this environment. Aims: The aim of this study was to determine the effect of scrummage engagement sequences on spinal kinematics of the hooker. The conditions investigated were: (1) live competitive scrummaging using the new ‘crouch, bind, set’ sequence; (2) live competitive scrummaging using the old ‘crouch touch pause engage’ sequence and (3) training scrummaging using a scrum machine. Methods: Inertial sensors provided three-dimensional kinematic data across 5 spinal regions. Participants (n=29) were adult, male community club and university-level hookers. Results: Engagement sequence had no effect on resultant kinematics of any spinal region. Machine scrummaging resulted in lesser magnitudes of motion in the upper spinal regions. Around two-thirds of the total available cervical motion was utilised during live scrummaging. Conclusions: This study indicates that the most recent laws do not influence the spinal kinematics of the hooker during live scrummaging; however, there may be other benefits from these law changes that fall outside the scope of this investigation.

Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:Rugby; Spine; Biomechanics
Group:Faculty of Health & Social Sciences
ID Code:23358
Deposited By: Symplectic RT2
Deposited On:30 Mar 2016 09:43
Last Modified:14 Mar 2022 13:55


Downloads per month over past year

More statistics for this item...
Repository Staff Only -