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A cylindrical shape descriptor for registration of unstructured point clouds from real-time 3D sensors.

He, Y., Chen, S., Yu, H. and Yang, T,, 2021. A cylindrical shape descriptor for registration of unstructured point clouds from real-time 3D sensors. Journal of Real-Time Image Processing, 18 (2), 261 - 269.

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DOI: 10.1007/s11554-020-01033-3

Abstract

To deal with data sets from real-time 3D sensors of RGB-D or TOF cameras, this paper presents a method for registration of unstructured point clouds. We firstly derive intrinsic shape context descriptors for 3D data organization. To replace the Fast-Marching method, a vertex-oriented triangle propagation method is applied to calculate the ’angle’ and ’radius’ in descriptor charting, so that the matching accuracy at the twisting and folding area is significantly improved. Then, a 3D cylindrical shape descriptor is proposed for registration of unstructured point clouds. The chosen points are projected into the cylindrical coordinate system to construct the descriptors. The projection parameters are respectively determined by the distances from the chosen points to the reference normal vector, and the distances from the chosen points to the reference tangent plane and the projection angle. Furthermore, Fourier transform is adopted to deal with orientation ambiguity in descriptor matching. Practical experiments demonstrate a satisfactory result in point cloud registration and notable improvement on standard benchmarks.

Item Type:Article
ISSN:1861-8200
Uncontrolled Keywords:Cylindrical shape descriptor; Unstructured point cloud; 3D registration RGB-D data; Depth image
Group:Faculty of Media & Communication
ID Code:35787
Deposited By: Unnamed user with email symplectic@symplectic
Deposited On:20 Jul 2021 09:31
Last Modified:20 Jul 2021 09:31

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