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Bus journey simulation to develop public transport predictive algorithms.

Reich, T., Budka, M. and David, H., 2021. Bus journey simulation to develop public transport predictive algorithms. Soft Computing Letters, 3 (December), 1-10.

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DOI: 10.1016/j.socl.2021.100029


Encouraging the use of public transport is essential to combat congestion and pollution in an urban environment. To achieve this, the reliability of arrival time prediction should be improved as this is one area of improvement frequently requested by passengers. The development of accurate predictive algorithms requires good quality data, which is often not available. Here we demonstrate a method to synthesise data using a reference curve approach derived from very limited real world data without reliable ground truth. This approach allows the controlled introduction of artefacts and noise to simulate their impact on prediction accuracy. To illustrate these impacts, a recurrent neural network next-step prediction is used to compare different scenarios in two different UK cities. The results show that a realistic data synthesis is possible, allowing for controlled testing of predictive algorithms. It also highlights the importance of reliable data transmission to gain such data from real world sources. Our main contribution is the demonstration of a synthetic data generator for public transport data, which can be used to compensate for low data quality. We further show that this data generator can be used to develop and enhance predictive algorithms in the context of urban bus networks if high-quality data is limited, by mixing synthetic and real data.

Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:Public transport; Arrival time prediction; Data simulation; Data quality; Machine learning; Deep learning
Group:Faculty of Science & Technology
ID Code:37663
Deposited By: Symplectic RT2
Deposited On:18 Oct 2022 08:49
Last Modified:18 Oct 2022 14:51


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